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Worth Saving

The Newsletter of the North Carolina Historic Preservation Office 
January 2017
Built in 1927, the Spruce Street YMCA in Winston-Salem is a four-story Classical Revival building designed by Harold Macklin. The building stands as a reminder of the longevity and importance of the "Y” program and as evidence of the long-standing tradition of philanthropy in Winston-Salem. It was listed on the National Register in 1984. 
A Message from North Carolina's Deputy SHPO

This past weekend, our entire state seemed to be blanketed with some sort of winter precipitation and experienced some record setting single-digit low temperatures over several days. No matter the age of your home or office, you were likely bundled up to stay comfortable and warm inside.  

During weather events like this short-lived winter storm, I was reminded of one of the undeserved criticisms often leveled against historic buildings -- “they’re cold” (or in the summer, “too hot”). In fact, most of our older homes and buildings were constructed with temperature control in mind year-round, and often in very innovative ways. For example, cupolas often served as hot weather “chimneys” in the spirit of modern day attic fans, allowing warm air to rise and be dispersed outside of the home. Today, many adherents of modern “passive” energy houses are looking to the past for present day solutions, such as deep porches and careful siting of the building.  

In service of our constituents, our colleague Reid Thomas, Restoration Specialist for northeastern North Carolina, has done extensive study of weatherization and winterization techniques for older homes. Make sure to check out his info sheet to help you stay warm and dry this season:   http://www.hpo.ncdcr.gov/Are%20You%20Staying%20Warm%20and%20Dry%20in%20your%20Older%20Building.pdf. As Reid mentions in this little publication, moisture control is one of the main issues to consider, and one that is often neglected but the subject of easy maintenance tasks.

If you’d like to know more about how you can improve or investigate climate control for your historic building, please reach out to us; find your local specialist here: http://www.hpo.ncdcr.gov/NCHPOContactsByCounty.html.   

In the meantime, enjoy your historic home or building, that hot chocolate, and the companionship of loved ones as we experience winter here in North Carolina.    

Resources: 

“How homes kept cool before the age of AC.” Solar City Blog, July 22, 2015. http://blog.solarcity.com/how-homes-kept-cool-before-the-age-of-ac/

Sharon C. Park, National Park Service. Preservation Brief 24:  Heating, Ventilating, and Cooling Historic Buildings – Problems and Recommended Approaches. https://www.nps.gov/tps/how-to-preserve/briefs/24-heat-vent-cool.htm

Nathan Kipnes. “Natural Cooling Strategies: Who needs air conditioning?.” Mother Earth News, August / September 2011. http://www.motherearthnews.com/renewable-energy/other-renewables/natural-cooling-zm0z11zphe.

Sally Zimmerman. “Energy Costs in an Old House: Balancing Preservation and Energy Efficiency.” Historic New England, September 2008. http://www.historicnewengland.org/about-us/whats-new/Energy%20Costs%20in%20an%20Old%20House_%20Balancing%20Preservation%20and%20Energy%20Efficiency.pdf
Recent National Register Listings
Charlotte Fire Station No. 4
Charlotte Fire Station No. 4, Charlotte, Mecklenburg County, listed 12/20/2016, prepared by L.A.W. Phillips

Charlotte Fire Station No. 4 is a two-story, rectangular massed, brick building designed by Charlotte-based architect Charles Christian Hood and constructed in 1925-1926. It serviced the western section of downtown Charlotte and the Fourth Ward from its construction until 1972. Fire Station No. 4 was one of four new stations planned and built by the city in the 1920s, in addition to the 1925 Headquarters Fire Station. The West Fifth Street site was chosen for Fire Station No. 4 to better balance downtown‘s fire protection with close proximity to the city center and accessibility to the Fourth Ward neighborhood. The building is significant due to its association with the city’s efforts to improve municipal services – specifically fire protection – in the midst of rapid population growth during the 1920s.
Oak Crest Historic District
Oak Crest Historic District, Winston-Salem, Forsyth County, listed 12/20/2016, prepared by L.A.W. Phillips
Oak Crest Historic District, an intact residential neighborhood in north Winston-Salem, is architecturally important for its variety of architectural styles and house forms dating from the 1920s through the mid-1960s. The neighborhood stands out among Winston-Salem’s middle-class suburban development due to its high level of architectural integrity. It was initially subdivided by the Fries brothers in 1923 and expanded south of Polo Road in the late 1920s and 1937. The fan-shaped neighborhood is particularly well represented by the Craftsman, Period Cottage, Colonial Revival, Minimal Traditional, and Ranch house styles. The district also contains a distinctive Rustic Revival round-log house, a small number of Modernist/contemporary houses, and a Modern style gas station.
Seaboard Air Line Railway Depot
Seaboard Air Line Railway Depot, Cherryville, Gaston County, listed 12/20/2016, prepared by H. Fearnbach
The Seaboard Air Line Railway Depot in Cherryville was built in 1924 and has retained a high degree of historic integrity. It is the successor building to the town’s original railroad depot built in the late nineteenth century. Plans to replace the depot were put on hold during World War I, and in July 1924 the construction contract was finally approved. The one-story brick depot with its large freight and baggage room and separate African American and white facilities is architecturally significant. It shares Craftsman style-influenced design features, such as deep overhanging hip roof eaves and knee braces, with other Seaboard railway depots dating to the 1910s and 1920s.
Kate and Charles Noel Vance House
Kate and Charles Noel Vance House, Black Mountain, Buncombe County, listed 12/20/2016, prepared by S. Argintar
Designed by Asheville-based architect Allen Melton and constructed circa 1894, the Kate and Charles Vance House is locally significant as an intact and rare example of a Queen Anne-style summer house in Black Mountain. The exterior of the dwelling is fairly restrained, with character-defining features including the one-story wraparound porch and mix of weatherboard and wood shingle siding. The interior is highly representative of the Queen Anne style and features ornate overmantels and other decorative woodwork, especially in the entry hall. The house dates to the peak of Black Mountain’s popularity as a summer destination. 
Rehabilitation Highlights
Goldsboro Drug Company, before and after rehabilitation
Wayne County, Goldsboro, Goldsboro Drug Company
Built in 1885, the Goldsboro Drug Company occupies a prominent corner location in the Goldsboro Local Historic District (NPS Certified). The 2015-2016 rehabilitation converted an underutilized building into a restaurant on the first floor with two market-rate apartments on the second floor. This project was spurred by the use of the federal and state income-producing historic tax credits with a private investment rehabilitation cost of $428,000.
Edenton Cotton Mill Office, before and after rehabilitation
Chowan County, Edenton, Edenton Cotton Mill Office
The 1909 Edenton Cotton Mill Office in the Edenton Cotton Mill Historic District was rehabilitated 2014-2015 for office space and the cotton mill museum. This project was spurred by the use of the federal and state income-producing historic tax credits with a private investment rehabilitation cost of $145,000.
Brown-Rogers-Dixson Building, before and after rehabilitation
Forsyth County, Winston-Salem, Brown-Rogers-Dixson Building
The 2010-2015 rehabilitation of the 1928 former wholesale hardware store and offices in the Downtown North Historic District  has returned an urban warehouse to active use as a branch of the Mast General Store on the first floor and 45 market-rate apartments on the upper levels. This project was spurred by the use of the federal historic and state mill income-producing tax credits with a private investment rehabilitation cost of $9.37 million.
White Furniture Company, during and after rehabilitation
Alamance County, Mebane, White Furniture Company
Founded in 1881, White Furniture Company was the first furniture manufacturing plant in North Carolina and one of the oldest in the South. It was in continuous operation by the White family until 1985. The oldest extant building in the complex dates to 1905 and grew to 245,000 square feet by the 1960s. Hickory Manufacturing Corporation owned the plant from 1985 until it closed in 1993. It remained vacant thereafter until the current owners purchased and rehabilitated the complex in 2015 into 152 market-rate apartments with amenities. This project was spurred by the use of the federal historic and state mill income-producing tax credits with a private investment rehabilitation cost of $22.5 million.
Isaac Kelly House, before and after rehabilitation
Duplin County, Kenansville, Isaac Kelly House
The 1841 Isaac Kelly House is one of eleven Greek Revival Style dwellings in the Kenansville Historic District. Kelly, who was a Justice of the Peace, member of the North Carolina General Assembly, Postmaster, and prominent merchant, built his house on a prominent lot in the center of town. This 2015-2016 rehabilitation has converted this former residence into a law office and was spurred by the use of the federal and state income-producing historic tax credits with a private investment rehabilitation cost of $140,000.
109 West Chapel Hill Street, during and after rehabilitation
Durham County, Durham, 109 West Chapel Hill Street
This 1920s two-story building in the Downtown Durham Historic District has had various commercial tenants including a popular a bookstore in recent times. The 2012 rehabilitation converted a prominent corner building into a restaurant with private dining and storage on the second floor. This project was spurred by the use of the federal and state income-producing historic tax credits with a private investment rehabilitation cost of $729,000.
HPO's Tim Simmons Discusses the Impact and Importance of Preservation
Tim Simmons receiving the 2009 Robert E. Stipe Award
Designlife, the online magazine of the NC State College of Design recently published an article in which Tim Simmons, our Senior Preservation Architect and Federal Rehabilitation Tax Credit Coordinator and an alumnus of NC State, discusses why preservation matters and his experience working in preservation. To read the full article, visit https://design.ncsu.edu/designlife/historic-preservation/.
Swansboro's School of History: A Tradition of Adaptive Reuse at the Emmerton School 
Emmerton School, Swansboro, NC
By John P. Wood, Restoration Specialist

The adaptive reuse of historic buildings is one of the main tenets of modern historic preservation. This philosophy has been adopted as one of the prime directives of the Secretary of the Interior’s Standards for the Treatment of Historic Properties, whereby a property shall be used for its historic purpose or be placed in a new use that requires minimal change to the defining characteristics of the building. In preparing a property for a new use, the historic character of that property shall be retained and preserved.
 
In the natural course of a building’s life, the use and function of that building can change. These changes in use may often be unsympathetic to the original design of the building. Frequently considered to be “White Elephants,” large buildings such as mills, warehouses, and schools can be challenging to adaptively reuse. In the town of Swansboro, the Emmerton School, the largest public building in the community, has a history of adaptive reuse. Earlier this year it started a more preservation-friendly chapter of its existence as the Swansboro Heritage Center Museum.
 
Read the full article here.
Without Preservation, Future is Uncertain for Historic Rosenwald School
Siloam Rosenwald School with modern apartments in the background. Photo courtesy of the Charlotte Post.
Charlotte’s Siloam School, a 1920s Rosenwald School listed in the National Register in 2007, continues to deteriorate while the Charlotte-Mecklenburg Historic Landmarks Commission seeks money to preserve the historic building. Still on its original site, the school now marks the entrance to a modern apartment complex. The owner of the complex had a plan to rehabilitate the school that was approved by the commission in 2008, but nothing has been done to act on that plan. Read the full story here.
Using Preservation to Stop Gentrification Before it Starts in Durham's Golden Belt Neighborhood 
Homes in the Golden Belt Mill Village. Photo courtesy of Google Maps. 
Recently, the Golden Belt Mill Village in Durham became a locally designated historic district. The roughly 10-square-block neighborhood was once home to workers of the Golden Belt Manufacturing Company, which made packaging for tobacco products. These are typical turn-of-of-the century mill village dwellings: mostly small, frame, houses with little to no ornamentation. Local designation of this district will aid in the fight against gentrification and demolition of the historic mill village for new, larger homes. Click here to read the full story.
By Ann V. Swallow, National Register Coordinator

Between 2012 and 2016, an increasing number of properties were listed in the National Register of Historic Places in North Carolina owned by federal agencies who took the initiative to formally apply for the designation of their historic properties. It is much more common for the historic preservation office to receive National Register nominations from interested private property owners or local community governments that sponsor the preparation of nominations for residential and downtown commercial historic districts. In this article, I want to bring the reader’s attention to these designated historic properties that are under the active stewardship of the federal government, and to raise awareness about the federal government’s proactive preservation programs. They include properties within the Great Smoky Mountains National Park and the Blue Ridge Parkway, shipwrecks off the coast of North Carolina, and a veterans administration hospital in Fayetteville. In addition, the Department of Veterans Affairs, the Great Smoky Mountains National Park and the National Oceanic and Atmospheric Administration have sought approval for multiple property documentation forms (MPDF) that provide an overview, or historic context, for a group of historic properties under their authority. Additional federal nominations are currently being completed, and they likely will be forwarded to the Keeper of the National Register at the National Park Service in the near future.
 
Click here to read the full article.
The Rankin House. Photo courtesy of beverly-hanks.com.
A residence in Asheville’s Montford Historic District was recently featured in the New York Times “What You Get” series. The ca. 1840s Rankin House was the earliest house built in the district and features a combination of Greek Revival- and Italianate-style detailing. The house fell into disrepair over the years, but was rehabilitated about 10 years ago for use as a bed and breakfast and received a restoration award from The Preservation Society of Asheville & Buncombe County in 2007. Click here to read the article and here to view photos of the property.
Dan Sayers in the Great Dismal Swamp. Photo courtesy of Smithsonian.com.
The Great Dismal Swamp, which once spanned 2,000 square miles in eastern Virginia and North Carolina, has yielded information about the populations who once found it a place of refuge. As early as the 1600s, Native Americans, fugitive slaves, and even some outlaws found the islands in the swamp to be ideal locations for new settlement. The islands were difficult to get to due to thick vegetation, muddy water, and dangerous wildlife but became safe havens for those who did not want to be found. Over the last ten years, archaeologist Dan Sayers has discovered more than 3,600 artifacts during field excavations at an island located within the Great Dismal Swamp.  Read more here.
-- In the new book National Geographic: The United States of America, National Geographic has compiled over 700 historic photos that depict the way that Americans spend their time. Take a look at a sample of one from each state at this link.
 
-- Ever wondered about the origin of names for places along the coast? Coastal Carolina Review is putting together a series of stories examining the origins of place names along coastal North Carolina. Click here to read about New Hanover County and here to read about Brunswick County.
 
-- Check out this link for fun facts about presidential inaugurations of the past.
For statewide events lists, visit the HPO Facebook events list, Preservation North Carolina events list, or a December 2016 calendar of events and workshop and conference list courtesy of the Federation of NC Historical Societies.
 
February-December The National Preservation Institute has announced the schedule of 2017 Professional Training Seminars in Historic Preservation & Cultural Resource Management.  Click here to view the calendar.  
 
February 10 Preservation Leadership Training Intensive – National Preservation Law Conference. Washington, D.C. For more information, click here.

February 17-19 Mark your calendars!  B.A.R.E. Reflections (Blacks Acknowledging their Roots of Education) is holding a Black History Program.  This event is to acknowledge all Black Schools of Iredell County and to recognize the Golden Class (50 Years) of 1967. A banquet dinner will be held on February 17 and on February 18th and 19th, attendees will be able to view several displays.  For more information, click here.

March 7-8 Section 106 Essentials Training in Washington, D.C. Perfect for those who are new to Section 106 review or would like a refresher. Click here for more information. 
 
March 14-16 NC Main Street Conference: Main Street – What’s Your Strategy? Shelby, NC. The state’s largest downtown revitalization event will offer learning sessions, tours, networking, and an opportunity to experience downtown Shelby, NC. For more information, visit http://www.ncmainstreetcenter.com/.
 
April 18-20 3D Digital Documentation Summit in New Orleans, LA. The National Center for Preservation Technology and Training is partnering with several organizations to host a three-day summit on 3D digital documentation for cultural heritage. Click here for more information.
 
April 19-22 National Council on Public History Annual Conference, Indianapolis, IN. To learn more, visit http://ncph.org/conference/2017-annual-meeting/.
 
April 30-May 5 Pine Mountain Settlement School Restoration Maintenance Workshop, Pine Mountain, KY. Join nationally known preservation trades artisans Bob Yapp and Patrick Kennedy for a 5-day, hands-on learning experience on the beautiful campus of Pine Mountain Settlement School. See here for more information.
 
May 1-3 Main Street Now Conference, Pittsburgh, PA. For more information, visit http://www.preservationnation.org/main-street/training/conference/
2017 Historic Preservation Fund Grants for Certified Local Governments (CLGs) The State Historic Preservation Office (HPO) is now accepting applications for FY 2017 federal Historic Preservation Fund (HPF) pass-through grants, which are available to Certified Local Governments (CLGs). Eligible projects include architectural and archaeological surveys, nominations of eligible districts and properties to the National Register of Historic Places, survey publication manuscripts, local preservation design guidelines and preservation plans, educational programs, and restoration of National Register-listed properties. Grant awards, which may cover up to 60 percent of total project costs, generally range from $1,000 to $15,000 and are available on a reimbursement basis. Eligible applicants are local governments and local historic preservation commissions as well as nonprofit organizations and educational institutions within the jurisdiction of a CLG. Visit this page to learn more about the grant program.
 
National Trust Preservation Funds These grants encourage preservation at the local level by providing seed money for preservation projects. The grants help stimulate public discussion, enable local groups to gain the technical expertise needed for particular projects, introduce the public to preservation concepts and techniques, and encourage financial participation by the private sector. Grants generally start at $2,500 and range up to $5,000. The selection process is very competitive. Only members of the National Trust at the Forum or Main Street levels are eligible to apply for funding from the National Trust Preservation Fund. The application deadline is February 1. To learn more about the grant program and how to apply, go to this page
Please send any comments or suggestions to Hannah Beckman at hannah.beckman@ncdcr.gov. Please forward this newsletter to others who might be interested in the information. Archived issues are online at http://www.hpo.ncdcr.gov/newsletter/newsletter.htm.

The activity that is the subject of this publication has been financed in part with federal funds from the National Park Service (NPS), U.S. Department of the Interior, and administered by the NC HPO. However, the contents and opinions do not necessarily reflect the views or policies of NPS or NC HPO. This program receives federal financial assistance for identification and protection of historic properties. Under Title VI of the Civil Rights Act of 1964, Section 504 of the Rehabilitation Act of 1973, and the Age Discrimination Act of 1975, as amended, the U. S. Department of the Interior prohibits discrimination on the basis of race, color, national origin, disability or age in its federally assisted programs. If you believe you have been discriminated against in any program, activity, or facility as described above, or if you desire further information please write to: Office of Equal Opportunity, National Park Service, 1849 C Street, N.W., Washington DC  20240.

Copyright © 2017 North Carolina Department of Natural and Cultural Resources, All rights reserved.


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